Your Local sleep experts

Can Cold Weather Make Sleep Apnea Symptoms Worse?

by | Nov 28, 2023

As winter’s chill sets in and temperatures plummet, many of us find ourselves snuggling under blankets, seeking warmth and comfort. For those with sleep apnea, though, the arrival of cold weather may mean something more. But the question still remains: can cold weather make sleep apnea symptoms worse?

In our guide here, we delve into the intricate relationship between cold weather and sleep apnea symptoms. Join us as we unravel the connection between the cold embrace of winter and the nuances of sleep apnea. We’ll shed light on the impact that weather may have on our nocturnal well-being.

Understanding Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is not a mere inconvenience; it’s a disruptive condition that affects millions worldwide. It’s primarily characterized by repeated interruptions in breathing during sleep.

Sleep apnea manifests in two primary forms. One of these is bstructive sleep apnea (OSA), where the airway is blocked. 

The other is central sleep apnea. It involves a failure of the brain to send proper signals to the muscles controlling breathing. 

These interruptions fragment sleep and can also lead to a cascade of health issues. These may include symptoms from daytime fatigue to cardiovascular complications.

It’s no surprise, then, that external factors like the weather may further influence sleep apnea symptoms.

The Link Between Weather and Our Health

Our health is closely connected to the changing seasons. Recent studies suggest that weather can impact our well-being more than we thought. For example, sunlight can affect mood. Temperature can influence our hearts. Overall, different weather factors subtly affect our health.

As we navigate the colder months, it’s important to explore how weather patterns can impact our bodies. 

Specifically, we’re asking: Could the winter weather make things tougher for those dealing with sleep apnea? 

Understanding how weather and health are linked opens up a fascinating conversation. It helps us see how the environment can influence sleep disorders and their symptoms.

Cold Weather and Sleep

There are a few ways in which cold weather might impact sleep apnea symptoms.

Dry Air

Cold weather often brings dry air, especially if you use heating systems indoors. Dry air can irritate the airways and nasal passages, potentially leading to congestion or inflammation. 

Individuals with sleep apnea may have difficulty breathing effectively. It may also worsen symptoms.

Seasonal Allergies

Some people experience seasonal allergies, such as hay fever, more prominently in cold weather. Allergies can cause nasal congestion and swelling, making it harder for air to pass through the airways. 

If someone with sleep apnea also suffers from allergies, the combination could result in more severe symptoms.

Temperature Changes

Sudden drops in temperature can cause blood vessels to constrict, increasing blood pressure. 

Individuals with sleep apnea, particularly obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), already have an increased risk of hypertension. Cold weather-related changes in blood pressure may further contribute to the cardiovascular strain associated with sleep apnea.

Sleep Position

Cold weather might encourage people to sleep in positions that exacerbate sleep apnea symptoms. 

For example, individuals may huddle under blankets or adopt positions that restrict airflow. That goes especially if they’re trying to stay warm in a colder environment.

Indoor Air Quality

During cold weather, people tend to spend more time indoors. Inside, the air quality can be affected by factors like heating systems, lack of ventilation, and presence of indoor pollutants. 

Poor indoor air quality can worsen respiratory symptoms, impacting individuals with sleep apnea.

Coping Strategies for These Winter Months

Let’s now look at a list of coping strategies for people with sleep apnea during those colder months.

Humidify Your Sleeping Environment

Combat the dry air commonly associated with winter by using a humidifier in your bedroom. This can help prevent irritation in the nasal passages and throat, making it easier to breathe.

Maintain a Consistent Sleep Schedule

Stick to a regular sleep routine to promote a stable sleep pattern. Consistency in your sleep-wake cycle can positively impact sleep apnea symptoms.

Stay Warm – without Overheating

Opt for layers and warm blankets to stay comfortable without overheating, which can worsen sleep apnea symptoms. Finding the right balance can contribute to better sleep quality.

Positional Adjustments

Experiment with sleep positions that minimize the risk of airway obstruction. For some individuals, elevating the upper body slightly can help reduce symptoms associated with obstructive sleep apnea.

Review and Adjust CPAP Settings

If you use a CPAP (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure) machine, ensure that its settings are appropriate. Changes in temperature and humidity might necessitate adjustments to optimize its effectiveness.

Regular Exercise

Engage in regular physical activity, even if it’s indoors. Exercise can contribute to overall health, potentially reducing the severity of sleep apnea symptoms.

Mind Your Diet

Be mindful of your diet, especially in the evening. Avoid heavy meals close to bedtime, as they can contribute to reflux and potentially worsen sleep apnea symptoms.

Manage Allergies

Address any seasonal allergies promptly. Allergies can exacerbate nasal congestion and contribute to breathing difficulties during sleep.

Create a Comfortable Sleep Environment

Ensure that your bedroom is conducive to sleep. Keep the room dark, quiet, and at a comfortable temperature to promote restful sleep.

Regular Check-ins with Healthcare Professionals

Schedule regular follow-ups with your healthcare provider. They can monitor your sleep apnea and make necessary adjustments to your treatment plan based on seasonal variations.

Speak with the Experts

Navigating this seasonal challenge requires a personalized approach, and that’s where SleepWell Louisiana steps in. We commit to providing comprehensive sleep apnea assessments. From there, we tailor experiences for better sleep as your dedicated partner on this journey.

Be sure to take a sleep assessment if you’re unsure where to start. You’re now on the path to better sleep.

Contact us!

Resources

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7699288/